"Hascombe Camp" multivallate hillfort, Hascombe
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- RefNo: 676
- Reference Number: SHHER_676
- Site Name: "Hascombe Camp" multivallate hillfort, Hascombe
- Grid Reference: 500450 138650
- Description: Hascombe is an Iron Age hillfort scarped on three sides and with an entrance in the north-east. Excavated in 1931 by Winbolt, who found La Tene III pottery and sling-stones but no evidence of revetment postholes. Encloses an area of some 5.75 acres.
The ridge approach is defended by a ditch and rampart but the sides are strengthened by the stepping method. Shown on maps as having only one line of defence, but there is a further line in the plateau from 18-28 paces outside of this, which makes this a multivallate type hillfort.
Excavation by Surrey Archaeological Society, during the 1970s discovered that the defence ditch was originally stone faced and that the south bank section suggested massive timber baulk, blocking the track.
Late Iron Age decorated sherds of characteristic Wealden type and a baked clay slingshot were found on the rampart tail. Investigation of anomalies following geophysical survey revealed slight burning evidence close to the rampart tail, and a rockcut pit, with infill including pottery, loom weight fragment and beehive quern fragments. Another anomaly, 80ft inside the fort, was a pit with pottery and quern fragments and at the bottom, carbonised grain and charcoal. These grain and broken querns may yield more information on the economy of the region.
Overall the finds are similar to other hillforts at Austiebury and Holmbury but greater in quantity. All three hillforts are dated to the Late Iron Age from the ceramic evidence with Wealden affinities. Only Hascombe shows possible settlement evidence. The evidence of demolished defences, broken querns etc at Hascombe and Holmbury possibly represent forced evacuation
- Form: EARTHWORK
- For more information contact: Surrey Sites and Monuments Record
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