Neolithic Field Monuments and Occupation
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- RefNo: 3316
- Reference Number: SHHER_3316
- Site Name: Neolithic Field Monuments and Occupation
- Grid Reference: 507690 168340
- Description: A feature identified on aerial photos was excavated by SCAU at Staines Road Farm, Shepperton, in 1989, prior to gravel extraction. Associated features were also dug. The principal feature was a slightly oval ring ditch, between 21-23m across, probably dug in the middle Neolithic. There was no evidence for any features in the enclosed area, or for whether it had ever been built up as a mound. The ringditch had a single entrance causeway about 50cms wide, to the northeast. The ditch was dug out again later, in the 3rd millennium BC, almost exactly following the lines of the earlier segments. The earliest contexts within this second ditch included a crouched burial in a shallow pit adjacent to the entrance causeway.
In another section of the ditch a skeletal torso was found. Other finds included a concentration of red deer antlers, half of a Mortlake bowl and some fine flint tools. The finds from the upper fill of the ditch are domestic in character and of later Neolithic date. Layers containing domestic Neolithic debris were uncovered outside the ringditch, to the northeast. These included a "burnt" layer containing late Neolithic sherds, which filled a rectangular pit. Most of the other features found formed part of another Neolithic monument and 52 pits in two parallel rows were found over a distance of 250m. Finds were rare and the consistent natures of the fills suggested deliberate infilling. The River Ash curves about 300m east of the ringditch and it is possible that the pit "avenue" continued to cut off the bend in the river. See HER 3317 for Bronze Age material.
- Form: SUB SURFACE DEPOSIT
- For more information contact: Surrey Sites and Monuments Record
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