Sources for researching the women’s suffrage movement in Surrey
For a full bibliography of works relating to suffragettes and the women’s suffrage movement held at Surrey History Centre click here (pdf copy). Other works can be found on the Surrey Libraries online catalogue.
You can search for archives relating to suffragettes in Surrey using Exploring Surrey’s Past and Surrey History Centre’s Collections Catalogue. Search using the terms ‘suffrag*’, ‘suffragette’ or ‘suffrage’ to show a broad range of results.
Notable archive sources include the following:
Papers of Dorothy Hunter (1881-1977) of Haslemere, suffragist and co-founder of the National Trust, including correspondence with Millicent Fawcett (SHC ref 1260)
Papers of Thomas Cecil (1859-1940), 2nd Baron Farrer, of Abinger, supporter of women’s suffrage and other women’s movements including letter books and correspondence with various prominent members of the NUWSS and its supporters, such as Millicent Fawcett, Sandra Bray and the Crosfields (SHC ref 2572)
Copy newscuttings relating to Noeline Baker MBE (1878-1958), suffragist and wartime women’s labour administrator, 1910-1919 (SHC ref Z/361)
Reigate, Redhill and District Society for Women’s Suffrage scrapbook compiled by Helena Auerbach, president, c.1908-c.1913 (SHC ref 3266/1)
Guildford and District Women’s Suffrage Society annual report, balance sheet and printed rules, 1910 (SHC ref G122/7)
Surrey Constabulary reports of suffragette activity in the county: explosion in a back bedroom of a house being built for David Lloyd-George, Chancellor of the Exchequer, at Walton on the Hill, 19 Feb 1913 (SHC ref CC98/11/3), and explosion at Oxted Railway Station, 3 Apr 1913 (CC98/11/2)
Correspondence of the Lushington family of Ockham and Cobham, correspondence with suffrage and anti-suffrage acquaintances, including between Kitty Lushington, suffragist and Christabel Pankhurst (SHC ref.7854/5/-)
Papers (mostly business related) of Laura Annie Wilson (d.1942), secretary of the Halifax WSPU and one of the first suffragettes to be imprisoned (SHC ref 8433)
Insurance policy taken out by the Vicar and Churchwardens of All Saints, Warlingham, against suffragette damage, Jul 1914 (SHC ref 6022/1/4/4)
Published cartoon sketch entitled ‘History Up To Date And More So. By a Suffragette Pavement Artist’, from papers of the Vaughan Williams family of Leith Hill, c.1913 (SHC ref 6536/221)
Material relating to both suffrage and anti-suffrage campaigns, 1912-1918, in the papers of the Earls of Onslow (SHC ref G173/-)
Letters and papers of Bertha Broadwood (1846-1935) of Capel, relating to the suffrage and anti-suffrage movement (SHC ref. 2185/BMB/-). Bertha was a staunch anti-suffrage supporter and member of the National League for Opposing Women’s Suffrage. She was asked several times by pro-suffrage groups to attend local debates and meetings but always refused.
Online sources and further reading:
Key dates in the road to the vote can be found on the Parliament UK website at http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/electionsvoting/womenvote/keydates/
A very detailed timeline of key dates and players in the history of British women’s suffrage, along with extracts from debates in Parliament can be found on http://www.historyofwomen.org/index.html
A series of BBC recordings of suffragettes recalling their struggles, including Ethel Smyth, Lillie Lenton, and Sylvia Pankhurst, can be found at http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/suffragettes/8322.shtml?all=2&id=8322
Read about the Pethick-Lawrences’ links with Dorking on the Dorking Museum website http://www.dorkingmuseum.org.uk/the-dorking-and-holmwood-campaign/
For an online article by Fern Riddell, ‘The Weaker Sex? Violence and the Suffragette Movement’, in History Today, see http://www.historytoday.com/fern-riddell/weaker-sex-violence-and-suffragette-movement
Read more about the bombing of St Catherine’s Church, Hatcham, at http://transpont.blogspot.co.uk/2008/12/fire-at-st-catherine-hatcham-1913.html
The trial of suffragette activists Kitty Marion and Betty (Clara) Giveen, for the burning of Hurst Park Stadium, near Molesey, was held at Guildford, on 3 July 1913. Find out more via Elizabeth Crawford’s blog ‘Woman and her Sphere’ http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/06/07/suffrage-stories-kitty-marion-emily-wilding-davison-and-hurst-park/. Kitty Marion’s unpublished biography is held at The Women’s Library (Ref. 7KMA, London School of Economics) http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/rd/329ea5f9-3260-4be9-bc44-b2ffe8943552
Elizabeth Crawford’s blog post on the bombing of Lloyd George’s property at Walton-on-the-Hill features on the Gov.Uk History of Government website https://history.blog.gov.uk/2013/07/04/mrs-pankhurst-lloyd-george-suffragette-militancy/
The National Archives holds records of suffragette arrests in ‘Amnesty of August 1914: Index of Women Arrested 1906-1914’, Ref. HO 45/24665, which contain details of the dramatic trials of the women involved. Ancestry have made these available online http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=61005
For an online article by Tinx Newton ‘Suffragettes and Surrey – from Epsom to Peaslake and further afield’ in Surrey Life, 15 July 2013, see http://www.surreylife.co.uk/out-about/places/suffragettes_and_surrey_from_epsom_to_peaslake_and_further_afield_1_2278775
The background to the suffragette boycott of the 1911 census can be found in the Office for National Statistics, Population Trends, nr.142, Winter 2010 No vote – no census: an account of some of the events of 1910–1911
Details of Emily Wilding Davison’s census entry and her activism can be read online at http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/electionsvoting/womenvote/case-study-emily-wilding-davison/ewd/
‘Women do not count, neither shall they be counted: Suffrage, Citizenship and the Battle for the 1911 Census’, History Workshop Journal, by Jill Liddington and Elizabeth Crawford can be read online at https://hwj.oxfordjournals.org/content/71/1/98.full.pdf+html. Their research led to the creation of a 1911 census suffragette gazetteer, detailed in Jill Liddington’s book Vanishing for the vote: Suffrage, Citizenship and the battle for the census (2014). It includes maps, and an authoritative gazetteer of campaigners compiled jointly with Elizabeth Crawford (author of The Women’s Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide). The gazetteer lists 500 schedules completed on census night 1911 – by region, by county (or London borough), by town or city, and by neighbourhood. Find out more at http://www.jliddington.org.uk/1911a.html.
For letters from Ethel Smyth to Edith Craig (at Smallhythe Place, Kent, owned by the National Trust), including correspondence relating to Smyth’s suffrage anthem ‘The March of the Women’, see the Ellen Terry and Edith Craig Database (http://www.ellenterryarchive.hull.ac.uk) which has been compiled by Prof. Katharine Cockin, author of Edith Craig and the Theatres of Art (Bloomsbury Methuen Drama 2017; https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/edith-craig-and-the-theatres-of-art-9781472570642/).