This village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Tandridge hundred. It lies on the A22 Eastbourne road south of Croydon in a valley cut into the slope of the North Downs. Caterham is a town in the Tandridge District of Surrey.

Caterham Old Cottage Hospital, 1903 Photographic Survey and Record of Surrey no. 429

Caterham Old Cottage Hospital, 1903
Photographic Survey and Record of Surrey no. 429

The original settlement was on the ridge above the modern town and is now called Caterham-on-the-Hill. The modern town in the valley is a product of the Victorian age and the coming of the Caterham railway line in 1856. A large Asylum was built at Caterham-on-the Hill soon after, bringing new employment to the area. The Victorian expansion of the town required the building of a much larger parish church (St Mary the Virgin) in 1866 but the old Norman church of St Lawrence was retained and remains directly across the road from St Mary’s. As it grew Caterham Valley gained its own church, St. John the Evangelist, which was consecrated in 1882. It is even larger than St. Mary’s. The North Downs Way, a popular National trail with walkers passes very close to the town.

The Commandant's House, Caterham Barracks, Caterham and District Local History Centre ref. 990

The Commandant’s House, Caterham Barracks,
Caterham and District Local History Centre ref. 990

From 1877 Caterham Barracks on the hill was a depot for the foot guards regiments. In August 1975 a local public house (the Caterham Arms), which was used by soldiers, was targeted by an IRA bomb. The barracks were closed in the 1990s and the site redeveloped for housing.

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10 Responses to Caterham

  1. dottie says:

    Hi does anyone know where Merstham Terrace was in Caterham Valley (believe it could have been placed of the Coulsdon Road..

    Thanks for your time

  2. Norman Skinner says:

    I personally have never come across Merstham Terrace. Coulsdon Road is not in Caterham Valley, but up on Caterham Hill running passed the Barracks towards Coulsdon Village.

    • dottie says:

      Thank you so much Norman…you have made my day :)…I had an Aunt born at this address…3, Merstham Terrae without any further informatiion on the Birth I googled and I found this
      George Milton Puttee and his wife Mary Ann were living at 3, Merstham Terrace in Coulsdon Road..So presumed this was the correct address..Is this residence still there? If not is it possible to give me some sort of clue as to what is there now..and where it was located..Would like to take a photograph at some time when I am down in Caterham again probably half term (I work in a school) for research..Thank you once again Norman so grateful that you had spotted my post…


      dottie laker

  3. dorothy laker says:

    Anyone able to pinpoint this address in 1898 2, Morden Cottages, Croydon Road, Caterham address on Marriage Certificate..
    Thank you for your time


    dottie laker

  4. Laura Cumberland says:

    I’m trying to help my elderly mum. Around 1936, she would’ve been 8, she was wrongly removed from her home because of the behaviour of a male family member. She believes she was sent to a place called Oak Lodge in Caterham. She thinks it may have been a home for unmarried mothers run by nurses. Can anyone help? Thank you.

  5. Paul says:

    Oak Lodge is in Slines Oak Road CR3 7BH…. it is officially in Woldingham, but near enough to Caterham… I think it is now a private home but could be wrong….

  6. Gail Illman says:

    Has anyone any old photos of WoodvIlle Place in Caterham on the Hill as it was before they pulled it down and built flats? My Mum was brought up there and I remember it but it was all demolished by the Tim I was 5.

  7. Axiom says:

    This is a long shot but my elderly Father grew up in a children’s home, in Caterham near Caterham School, in the 1970s but he cannot remember the name. I am trying to track it down but can not find any record of it. Any information would be appreciated.

    Thank you in advance!

  8. Alan Jupp says:

    Does anyone have any early 60’s photos from around Caterham (School, Church etc) that might have any Jupp’s in them? I was born in Caterham in 1949 and I am interested in adding these to my collection which at the moment is very light on.

  9. Dennis Grubb says:

    Can anyone tell me where Rophy Place was/is located. I notice that there is a photograph of a house , demolished about 1964 on this site. Rophy Place was the residence of a Grubb family in my tree. I’d like to say hi to Norman W T Skinner who directed me to an article in “Local History Record” on Hollidays Bottom. thank you

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