The Whitworth rifle was designed by Sir Joseph Whitworth, a prominent British engineer and entrepreneur.

National Rifle Museum Whitworth 5 position rifle  Copyright: Image courtesy of Brian Wood

National Rifle Museum Whitworth 5 position rifle
Copyright: Image courtesy of Brian Wood

In 1860, the British National Rifle Association held its first annual meeting at Wimbledon, where Queen Victoria fired the first shot from a Whitworth rifle on a machine rest at 400 yards, and struck the bull’s-eye 1 1/4 inches from its centre.

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19th Century Surrey

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